The Cold Body Page
Chronic Low Body Temperature(95 - 98.2)
aka Hypothermia and Wilson's Syndrome
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Observations, References, Resources, and
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cfs / cfids
chronic poor health
Why is Low Body Temperature Important?
The body's enzymatic processes slow over 10%, sometimes 20% per
degree of temperature below the "optimum" 98.6 F. Slower chemical function, repair,
and disposal of local and environmental toxins puts the body below
expected function. This can cause many symptoms and syndromes, such as
those listed to the right. Obviously, not all chronic problems are
related to chronic low body temperature; but if several of these are noted,
it may be prudent to measure one's body
temperature on a routine basis to see if chronic low body temperature is a possibility.
This document is not intended as medical advice. It is a
compendium of self-diagnosis information, links to treatment and research
information, as well as the observations and strategies of others who have
chronic low body temperature and resulting
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Overview: The Endless Loop
Mind, nutrition, and body feed back upon each other in an endless loop.
This long document mentions things all three areas. You may want to book
mark it, or better yet, print it out, mark it up adding your own notes and ideas
as thoughts and understanding grow slowly.
Often, the problem lies in all three areas; but if you get the body to
work right, mood often improves and appetite often sharpens to trigger
desires for the specific nutrients that one needs. (At least if one
stays away from non-nutritional flavorings, fake foods, and sweeteners;
all of which can interfere with the wisdom of the body and upset its
sense of inner balance. WHich people don't care about till they are in trouble.)
The mind may drag the body a short distance;
but it is the body which carries the mind for a lifetime. Fix the
body, and the mind will follow.
Here are some things others have tried. You may wish to consider
them. Tell us about your experiences and attempts on the chat page. (at end)
There are many problems which will cause chronic low body temperature,
from post traumatic stress syndrome to warts, from Candida Albecans to
Hashimoto's Thyroiditis. What will help you, depends upon the cause and
the state of your body. In the long run, the mind tends to follow the
body; but in the short run, you have to use your mind to drag youself toward a cure regardless of what people keep telling you.
It's your body, YOU know whether it is running right or not.
Heal and nurture the body properly, and the mind will begin to sparkle
- Some people can learn to turn on the inner warmth via meditation
and/or visualization, and thus break the cycle;
it is a temporary respite which, when practiced, can lead
to longer term improvement for some...
- Exercise will generate considerable internal heat. For some,
exercising three or more times a week will break the cold cycle; but not
- Nutrition helps many, Molybdenum, Choline, Alpha Lipoic
Acid and Coenzyme Q 10 have help some; but again, not all.
- Molybdenum has been particularly useful for those who feel cold all
the time. (But many feel rooms are hot when it is they who are cold.)
- Supplemental Iodine or Dulse soup has cured some forms of low body temperature.
But again, not all.
- Low copper levels or broken copper enzyme paths, which can cause high copper levels, may
be associated with some forms of low body temperature. The low levels are easier to remedy
than the high.
- Adequate, sometimes prolonged, sleep helps some; but again, not all.
It is important that body temperature not drop too far during the night,
or the benefits of sleep are greatly diminished, even extinguished.
- Exposure to bright lights in the morning helps "wake the mind" and
then the body for some; but not all. Those whom it helps are often said
to have "Seasonal Adjustive Disorder", aka "SAD".
- Avoidance of bright lights, and computer displays with light
backgrounds in the evening helps the mind get ready for night. Bright
light delays the melatonin cycles which regulate sleep.
- A very hot bath upon rising in the morning, one that prompts the body
to sweat a bit, has helped some by teaching the body to run at a higher temperature. As have
warm showers before bed if temperature drops too low at night.
- There are cyclical thyroid supplementation programs available that
break the mind-body part of the cycle for many people. When this works,
the disorder is often called Wilson's Temperature Syndrome (WTS). Some are cured in weeks
or months; others can take many cycles before the body "catches on".
Some are able to use other techniques besides hormones to cycle their
body temperature till the body learns to run better.
- Some, those with some kinds of thyroid disorders, may need
continuous thyroid supplementation. Others may do well with potassium iodide supplements
(KKSI). But again, not all.
- Some of this may be related to porphyria,
a rare blood disorder, which can cause anemia, and thus deprive the body
of enough oxygen for normal robust operation. There are many other causes
of anemia, some far more common than porphyria.
- Microfilliary worms and parasites are cited by some as causing low body temperature. Some
of these people find that raising body temperature via other means kills the worms and lets
the body maintain a higher, more normal temperature. For others, killing the worms comes first.
- Old sayings speak of adding root vegetables like rutabagas and carrots with their potent anti-fungals to the diet.
- Other sayings speak of adding legumes such as string beans
to the diet.
- Folk lore from other parts of the world mentions adding spices like ginger root and red hot peppers to the diet. Hot peppers will make this author
warmer, and the memory of hos that felt was used in biofeedback training using a simple digital thermometer. More below.
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Hypothermia (Clinical) See also
Subjective Scale, below.
(Revival techniques for Severe Accidental (exposure) Hypothermia:
"No one is dead till warm and dead." See:
Not applicable to chronic (metabolic) mild hypothermia.)
- 97 - 95 / 36.1 - 35.0: Brain Fog: Coordination declines,
mental horizon shrinks.
- 95 - 93 / 35.0 - 33.9: Medical Hypothermia: Stumbles, mumbles, grumbles set in, heart
- 92 - 86 / 33.3 - 30.0:
Amnesia, stupor, weak pulse. Fibrulation?
- 86 - 82 / 30.0 - 27.8: Stupor, coma, heart problems, death possible.
- 82 - 75 / 27.8 - 23.9: Death probable; but not certain.
A body will only shiver when body temperature is below
the "thermostat set point" of that body.
A low set point will give a false appearance of higher
tolerance to cold, as well as an increased intolerance to heat.
Comments, observations, and strategies culled from various posts,
correspondence, and web sites.
- Body temperature below 98.2, (36.8C) may cause various maladies due
to a slowing of enzymatic processes. (Effects,
- Feeling cold is not the same as being cold.
- Simply putting on warmer clothing, though sometimes helpful, is not enough. (See Raise, below)
- Some forms may be hereditary, other forms from stress, oppression,
enforced inactivity, etc.
- See Wilson's
- Measurements need to be done with some care. See
- Some forms may be cured without drugs or thyroid supplements.
- See also Broda Barnes and Lawrence Galton, "Hypothyroidism, the
Printed in 1976, ISBN 0-690-01029-X for an earlier reference.
General | Scale |
Regulate | Raise |
Lower | Effects |
Q's | Refs
A Subjective Temperature Scale
- Serious damage, death likely if sustained. 107+ degrees.
- Protein denaturation and other damage. Approx 105+ degrees. (40.5 C)
- Feverish stupor 103+ (39.4 C) temperature range.
- Feverish mental decline begins, probable 99.0, (37.2C) clinical fever.
- Feverish activity. Mania.
- Some enzymes "too loose" for efficient reaction kinetics.
- Breadth of activity! Too many things, too many ideas at once.
- High End of Normal Range
- Activity, Involvement, Community, Buoyant Optimism and Energy!
- Activity for the sake of enjoyment. Optimism. Probable 98.6 (varies
- Activity for the sake of activity.
- Minor allergies may begin to show themselves
- Thought wins over emotion and activity. Diplomacy.
- Depth of thought, Lucidity, Eloquence! (vs action.)
- Willingness to think deeply, at length. Insight, a growing
trace of genius.
- Low End of Normal Range, approx
98.2 F (36.77 C) though some say 97.6 is their peak mental performance
- Some enzymes become "too tight" for efficient reaction kinetics;
mild allergies and chemical sensitivities begin to be noticed on occasion.
- Probable 98.0, (36.66 C,) varies considerably with subject.
- Allergies, especially chemical allergies, slowly grow more
- Feeling that "engaging" in thought or activity changes/lifts the
- Eloquence in expression begins to decline, mental horizons favor
depth, not breadth.
- Vulcan logic begins a slow walk to center stage. Subhedonia.
- Initiation of new activities begins to drop sharply.
- Slightly glazed to the outside world.
- Things begin to accumulate in corners and small piles.
- Immune system slows and falters. Allergies and colds more common.
- Persistence, dogged tenaciousness in pursuit of a purpose, a train
of thought. (Oft mistaken for Genius.)
- Vulcan logic begins a slow, and increasingly faltering meander away
from center stage.
- The sink sporadically fills, clean utensils become scarce despite
- Mental horizons begin to shrink. (Oft mistaken for Expert.)
- Anhedonia, the interest in pleasure begins to evaporate.
- Chemical Sensitivities become increasingly serious problems as
enzymatic pathways slow and clog.
- Procrastination of deeper thought for better times of day.
- Cycles reveal themselves. Several naps, the daily norm.
- Mental agility soon reveals it's slow and gradual decline to others.
- The desk, the workbench, the coffee table all begin to congeal as
- Tenaciousness of opinion begins to win out over thought or logic.
- Anti-hedonia, avoidance of pleasure, and sometimes excitement.
- Stepping over things. The mess becomes "Convenience at hand".
- Change becomes the mind's enemy; yet past genius oft remains potent
ammunition in argument.
- Drifting quietly, irrationally clinging to old ways, old memories,
- Argument and anger for the heat of adrenaline. Bindging on sweets
- Grasping for control of life.
- "The Engine Sputters".
- Temperature spikes and falls with excitement, anger.
- On/Off behavior patterns, black and white views of the world.
- Possible 96.0 - 95.0 (35.5 - 35.0 C) temperature range; varies with
time, nutrition, sleep.
- Urgent Medical Condition: HYPOTHERMIA
- Erratic behaviors come to the fore.
- Collisions with walls, objects create multiple black and
blue marks on the arms.
- Defensive postures, stark views of the world.
- Depression and foreboding gain hold. Hopelessness. Adrift.
- Passive acceptance, stark apathy.
- Medical Emergency 92 F, 33.3 C
- Possible risk of death during further nocturnal temperature drops.
- Heart problems, Severe confusion, Amnesia, Stupor
- Death: "heart failure", "natural causes", "unknown causes".
Other cognitive and behavioral effects may be related to the
manifestation of allergies and low body temperature.
term physiological consequences are listed on Dr. Cathcart's Wilson's Syndrome
Melatonin, Serotonin, and Moods
The brain adjusts its "focus" by adjusting metabolism via
circulation. It uses Serotonin, which relaxes smooth muscles in blood
vessel wall, thus dilating them; and cells that absorb, hold, and release
Serotonin on demand to accomplish this. Hence, circulatory adjustments
needed to maintain temperature may also affect thought processes; as may
low levels of L-Tryptophan and Niacin, which the body uses to produce
Serotonin and Melatonin.
Low Serotonin levels are commonly found in depression, hence
the prescription of SSRI's in depression. Many of these SSRI's are also
cytochrome P450 consumers, and can put some at risk for porphyria, which is common in people with
multiple chemical sensitivities, and becomes worse as enzymatic
processes slow due to low body temperature / chronic hypothermia.
Low body temperature is
often found in depression.
Low Melatonin levels are often found in those who have difficulty in
sleeping, or who have sleep irregularities. Melatonin is suppressed by
exposure to light, and may be delayed by nocturnal exposure bright lights,
including light TV and CRT backgrounds.
Paradoxically, while L-Tryptophan and Melatonin appear to induce sleep via
body temperature reduction, there is some evidence that the proper
cyclical production of Melatonin and Serotonin may boost daytime body
temperature. (Some say melatonin takes a few days to get use to. Take only before bedtime.
Effective dosage varies markedly from person to person.)
mail them to
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Thermo - Regulation
Body Temperature = Metabolic Heat - Heat Losses
- Sources of Metabolic Heat
- Mitochondria (Metabolic energy, see
- Brown Fat
- Primary Controls
- Thyroid [Refs]
- Insulin -- hypoglycemia
- Serotonin / Melatonin [
- Muscular Tension / Theta - Alpha - Beta brain waves
- Gross motor activity
- Limiting Factors
- Fuel -- Food
- Carbohydrates vs slower burning fuels (oils)
- Fructose, not well regulated by Insulin (Fast but short
energy. Worst sugar for cardiovascular systems.)
- Breathing -- rate and depth
- Circulation (+serotonin +niacin +nitroglycerine)
- Carbon Monoxide leaks -- furnace, water heater, etc.
- Heat Loss Factors
- Hat (head is major loss)
- Shoes and socks (contact)
- Limbs (cold limbs raise adrenalin -- tension, may also raise
cortisols and other stress indicators, diminishing short term memory and mental function.)
Use jackets, not vests.
- Body core
- Ambient Temperature
- Drafts and air circulation
- Contact -- what you are sitting on
- Surface vs deep circulation
- Sweat (Many victims do not sweat.)
- Lung Function
- Breathing rate
- Breathing depth
- Evaporation in lungs (wet/dry breath)
- Food (hot tea vs cold ice cream)
Core Temperature Raised By:
The point is that one needs to rev up one's metabolic processes. That
can be via both physiological, and psychological methods. Simply putting
on warmer clothing is usually not enough, and in some cases may make
things worse due to metabolic reductions the body may make in effort to
maintain the low body temperature. This is what causes hot days to be so
difficult for such people. And yet... if it is only the head temperature
that is cycling, then perhaps putting on the old thinking cap, a warm
loose fitting hat or cap, may be enough to raise brain temperature back to
reasonable norms. Perhaps worth trying for some.
- Molybdenum has helped some feeling warmer.
- Coenzyme Q-10 (Mitochondria support)
- Adequate amounts of
sleep. Melatonin may
help, both with the sleep, and with the pineal gland that controls body
- Adequate amounts of water and mineral salts (not just sodium
chloride) as found in leafy green vegetables.
- Yogic Breathing -- four equally timed cycles:
Some reliable sources report that several ten minute sessions per
day restore body temperature to 98.6. After some time (weeks) their
candida, etc. was cured. Again, may not work for all; but it costs
nothing to try.
- Inhale fully: first with belly, then rib cage
- Hold breath
- Exhale: first with belly then with rib cage
- Hold lungs empty
- Being with optimistic people, people whom you know and care about
- Aerobic Talking, buoyant, optimistic subjects, mind engaged.
Yakko-Therapy(tm), coming soon to a whoops page near you!
- Sustained Laughter, best if about something good you did or lived
through as it builds confidence.
- Aerobic Singing, but often the mind is not as fully engaged as in
talking. Note how professional OPERA singers (E. G.
Placebo Domingo,) work their entire bodies into resonance to produce their
incredible voices. (Forget rock stars! They are on an adrenalin
high and crash when it runs out.) Note the gesturing
opera singers use to
create the inner effects.
- Physical activity, ten to fifteen minutes each day.
Does not have to be sweat provoking, just moving. A good walk every
evening after dinner use to be fairly common in parts of the country.
- Alpha Lipoic Acid
/ Thioctic Acid has helped some raise body temperature. Comment made
about using L-Lysine if cold sores appear, and adding
Co Q-10, and choline
- Red peppers, chili peppers, jallapinios and other hot foods can
raise body temperature in many individuals. Some
old wives tales relate to this as a cure for some chronic ailments.
- Salycilates, anti-cholenergics, etc. Ref:
- Wearing a hat may raise head, and thus brain, temperature...
- Cyclical thyroid supplementation protocol (cytomel)
- Repetitive sounds or blinking lights having a beat in the 6 to 9
beats per second range have helped some... It is the beat frequency that
does it. You can build your own from Radio Shack parts. (Ref their 555
timer IC projects book.)
- Drumming, or imagining oneself drumming,
with a beat in the 6 to 9 beats per second range. Raising the beat
frequency as one goes may help.
- Some forms of Faith Healing. (Duration questionable.)
- Spring festivals and feasts of most religions.
- Thyroid Extracts, such as Armour Thyroid and Cytomel.
- Salt and Vitamin C to combat microfilliary worms
lymephotos.com has helped some.
See also Dangers of Glandular Extract Based
- Truly Bizarre Methods: Curious note on eating
rat and dog meat in China. (Ref. Wall Street Journal May 31, 1991, by
way of alt.folklore.urban.) (Note: fever and heat may also be a symptom
of some kinds of allergy/intolerance...)
Chat or Mail them to
Core Temperature Lowered By:
- Hypoglycemia and "low fuel" levels
- Reduced calorie diets (Thus "Longevity" diet may not work.)
- Tension and Fear, esp. without obvious methods of resolution.
- Inadequate protein, tyrosine, phenylalanine in the diet.
- Carbon Monoxide, 5-20ppm, way below alarm levels
- Oppressive environments
- Abusive or disrespectful people
- Some forms of chemical exposure
- Soda pop and artificial sweetener "addict"
- Beta blockers, Carbon Monoxide, Hypnotic drugs,
Cholinergic drugs, sedatives, tranquilizers, many cardiovascular drugs,
and ethanol can all lower body temperature. Ref: Toxidromes and US Office Consumer Affairs
- Sleep disorders / lack of sleep can lower body temperature.
Sleep Phase Syndrome, and out of sync body temp. cycles.
- Too much light in the evening, either from watching TV late or late
netting with a white screen, can push
Melatonin cycles off, resulting in
too little Melatonin when you get to bed, and too much in the morning.
this in turn affects body temperature cycles.
- Candida Albecans and other yeasts produce hormone analogues which can
suppress body temperature.
- Almost all of
have been found to have low body temperature.
- Parasites [article]
- Thyroid problems, T3/T4 conversion problems, either in the thyroid
gland, or in the cells themselves.
See also Dangers of Glandular Extract
- Mitochondria related problems, including
Chat or mail them to Webmaster@mall-net.com
Effects of Low Core Body Temperature
- Some suggest efficiency/rate losses are 10 to 20% per degree F in
enzymatic processes, including liver based detoxification pathways.
- Comments have been regarding cognitive and mood changes, (above) sometimes
marked, as temperature changes cross thresholds as narrow as 0.2 degrees.
- Not all enzymatic processes have the same optimal temperature...
- Raising body temperature has reduced allergy / MCS problems, often
cutting major symptom intensity in half, and eliminating minor allergy
problems. Ref: Dr.
- Porphyria, in that it can reduce heme
production, may reduce body temperature in some cases. Since
is involved in heme synthesis and may be redirected to handle
detoxification, there may be some feedback interaction involving body
- Reduced immune function, risk for parasites and microfilliary worms.
- Body temperature measurements should be made 3, 6, and 9 hours
after rising using a GLASS thermometer, then averaged. Ref: Dr. Wilson,
"Wilson's Syndrome". (I measure it hourly for a few days.)
- Body temperature seems to vary with time and activity. It is not
supposed to be steady!
- There is a day/night temperature cycle, with temperature rising
notably as one is awakening. (Hence the difficulties in judging ovulation
by the body temperature method.)
- There are reports, both scientific and anecdotal, of shorter term
- Some report as much as half a degree, even a full degree of
variation between repeated high temperatures and repeated low temperatures
on a three to six minute cycle.
- Glass thermometers deliver an averaged temperature
- Electronic thermometers deliver a maximum temperature.
- Maximum and Average temperature is likely to be different between
glass and electronic thermometers EVEN IF both thermometers show identical
temperatures in a calibration setup. (E. G. very slowly warmed water
- Electronic in-ear IR (Infra Red) thermometers appear, in this writer's experience, to
be difficult to get consistent temperatures from. Angle of insertion will vary, considerably
varying the resulting readings. Readings did not correspond to oral temperatures, being at
times over a degree higher, or over two degrees lower, than simultaneous oral measurements.
Consecutive measurements taken immediately following each other have varied as much as three
degrees. Thus in-ear IR thermometers appear unworkable for this purpose.
- Cycles can be measured by using an electronic thermometer, and
turning it off and on between readings without removing
it from the mouth. That way, the physical sensor will remain at body
temperature, but the maximum reading will be reset to the present body
temperature when the thermometer is turned on.
- Take readings every half minute: Read the electronic thermometer
without moving it in the mouth, turn it off and on to
reset the maximum, then read it again. (You may need to have another
person take the readings.) Repeat till you get two clear and distinct
peaks separated by a low. This gives you the peak, low, and cycle time
Foods Feelings and Faculties Diary.
- Some suggest that head (oral) temperature may vary from core body
temperature. Wearing a hat might help if this is the
- Particularly intersting are the reports of temperature differences
between the sides of the head resulting in mood changes.
This author has had some success learning to raise body temperature by remembering the
feeling of hot foods like red peppers. This is a form of biofeedback training anyone can try
with an ordinary digital thermometer. Whether the temperature remains high for long is
another matter; but it was a start at regaining control so warm social matters could be
handled with warmth, and cool headed matters with the best analytical coolness. (This
author, a systems analyst, favors self training to improve your ability to shift mental
gears as needed. If that fail, then try the Wilson's cytomel approach.)
Chat or mail them to Webmaster@mall-net.com
- Are Attention Deficit Disorder patients prone to abnormal
high or low temperature?
- Are Hyperactive children prone to abnormal high temperature?
- The Fahrenheit scale was supposed to have 100 as normal body
temperature. Has body temperature fallen since the 1700's?
- It is said that mountain folks metabolize fat in preference to
carbohydrates due to lower oxygen availability. How does this affect body
- How does body temperature relate to average physical activity?
- Do different body types and different character types have
statistically significant differences in body temperature profiles?
- Does race or education play a role? (Active vs thoughtful)
- One in ten to one in seven are said to be strong leader types, does
body temperature play a role?
If you would like to add _short_ observations to this list or links to
other Wilson's / Hypothermia pages, contact Webmaster@mall-net.com, with
"COLDBODY" in the subject line.
Longer discussions can be posted to the
page. Yes, you get
your own chat page! If two of you happen to be on at the same time, you
can chat, or leave notes for others to look over and comment upon at their
Are you a physician who treats Wilson's Syndrome and
related immune system problems via nutrition wherever possible? Contact
us, you may qualify for a free link, membership in the orthomolecular
mailing list, and a free page, either here or at Orthomed.com. E-mail Webmaster@mall-net.com and tell
us about your practice.
- Dr. Cathcart, Los
Altos, California (Deceased)
- Dr. Townsend, Woodstock, Ga. 770-516-7374
- Dr. Prosch in Birmingham. AL, 205-823-6180.
- Dr. Deckle, Sleep Disorder Center, AL, 205-599-1020.
- Dr. Shawn Murray, Roswell, GA. 770-552-4882
- Dr. Terri Plundo, D.O., Holland, Ohio 419-861-5700
Wilson Syndrome support group meetings start Feb, 2000.
What about your doctor? Were you treated well?
your condition improved? Enter her or his name and phone number on the Cold Body
Doctor Page. Tell us why you like him or her. And tell her or
him about this page!
For general Cold Body chat about treatments and conditions, see MCS
[Top / Next]
Physiology of Regulation (Accidental / environmental)
OA Guide to Hypothermia & Cold Weather Injuries (Accidental / environmental)
hyper.html (Accidental / Environmental, metric scale)
Odd! (Odd comment on 98.2 F, (36.7 C) as norm in survey)
Thermal Conditions/Health & Performance
Thermal Regulation Lecture (Calculating)
Kurt Lushington (core body temp. and sleep in elderly)
Kurt Lushington, #2 (Melatonin and sleep)
[See also Melatonin]
Kathryn Reid (Melatonin, core body temp, and sleep; temp chart.)
Delayed Sleep Phase Syndrome, related to out of phase temperature cycles.
Helen S. Driver (hormone cycles, temperature, and brain waves in women)
Body mass and adaptive hypothermia (Animals)
Symptoms and General Pathology (A list for many medical conditions.)
ANAWA Immunochemical Catalogue
Larry C.H. Wang Home Page (Researcher)
Bio 155: Lecture 19
Thermoregulation (Biology of) Links
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sci.anthropology.paleo List of Mammalian Body Temperatures (Questionable)
Magnesium and Thermoregulation (Sudden Infant Death)
Pineal Gland and Thermo
Thermoregulation: Physiology and Biochemistry (Med. Book)
Thermoregulation: Pathology, Pharmacology and Therapy (Med. Book)
Journal of Thermal Biology
Thermoregulation and Serotonin Links
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Serotonin: The Neurotransmitter for the '90s (How it works.)
Serotonin in Migranes Thermoregulation mentioned
Migraine and Serotonin Receptors (In above)
HealthGate - Document 1 (abstract) Serotonin and
HealthGate - Document 2 (abstract) CPPm
HealthGate - Document 3 (abstract) 5 HT-2A vs 5 HT
HealthGate - Document 4 (abstract) 5 HT and drug induced hypothermia
SARI 95 - Psychology
GSSI-Sports Science Exchange #61
heller.html (search serro)
Cold Extremities: Investigation and Management of Raynaud's Phenomenon
Anatomy and Neurobiology -- research activities
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How Wilson's Works Pituitary -> thyroid -> T4 -> T3
Dangers of Glandular Extract
Thyroid problems in the Aged (Poor gate, confusion, joint pains.)
Interpreting the Tests: T3, T4, and self regulation.
Regulation of Aging
Thyroid Hormone Metabolism
Trace Elements and Thyroid Cancer
Thyroid Illnesses, Known and Unknown
Thyroid Foundation of America
SYNTHROID (Thyroid Hormone Replacement)
[Top / Next]
Thyroid and Endocrine Links
Primary Care Teaching Module: Hyperthyroidism
Endocrine Pathology Index
Low Body Temperature
ColdBody Chat /
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